PETERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Colo. (AFNS) –
The third in a series of Global Information Dominance Experiments, held July 8-15, was designed to enable cross-combat command collaboration to achieve globally integrated effects using artificial intelligence.
North American Aerospace Defense Command and US Northern Command, in collaboration with all 11 US commandos, the third in a series of Global Information Dominance Experiments in collaboration with the Joint center for artificial intelligence, Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security, Project Maven, and with significant financial and human support from the Air Force’s Department of the Chief Architect Office.
These experiments use technologies available today so that decision-makers have access to relevant information more quickly and thus create decision-making freedom for managers through proactive options. The series of GIDE events are technology risk reduction experiments that complement a shift in focus from mere defense mechanisms to earlier deterrence and denial actions far from conflict, in line with the Department of Defense’s priority for integrated deterrence.
Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin said recently: “Integrated deterrence is about using the right mix of technology, operational concepts and skills – all woven together in a networked way that is so believable, flexible and impressive that it gives any opponent a break gives.”
The Global Information Dominance Experiment 3 or GIDE 3 was carried out in three synchronized but different phases. Phase one focused on cost-effective data solutions to increase the scope for decision-making through previous indications and warnings. Phase two assessed the ability to respond to competitive logistics and demonstrated global collaboration to quickly create deterrent options and dynamic competitive logistics planning. The final phase, phase three, demonstrated the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center’s matchmaker capability for machine-based crisis deterrence and conflict defense options. This came with real representative threats and real assets that gave the participating organizations the opportunity to practice global integration.
“The GIDE 3 experiment demonstrated how the software tools developed for cross-combatant collaboration, assessment and decision making can be used to enable more effective global logistics coordination, information sharing and deployment planning,” said General Glen VanHerck, NORAD and NORTHCOM commanders. “By integrating more information from a global network of sensors and sources, harnessing the power of AI and machine learning techniques to identify key trends in the data, and by providing commanders with both current and predictive information, give NORAD and USNORTHCOM leaders around the globe more time to make decisions and choose the best options available, whether in competition, crisis or conflict. “
The first GIDE took place in December 2020. During this experiment, NORAD and USNORTHCOM were in coordination with U.S. Southern Command, US Indo-Pacific Command, US transport command, US strategic command, and the Department of Defense Under-Secretary of State for Intelligence and Security, held a digital tabletop exercise to prototype cross-combat command collaboration with AI-enabled early warning of threat movements at the peer level.
GIDE 2 took place in March 2021. GIDE 2 extended participation to all combatant commandos and the JAIC. The aims of the experiment were to gain a common understanding and picture of the threat to each of the combatants; obtain prior evidence of hostile actions through artificial intelligence and machine learning tools; and conduct cross-combat command coordination on response actions, resulting in faster decision-making and ultimately improving deterrence. GIDE 2 integrated “live fly” events that provided additional input to the experiment, which not only demonstrated improved global integration and cross-combat command collaboration, but also introduced machine-based response options and links to live records at the service level.
During GIDE 3, NORAD and the U.S. Northern Command received support from the division of the Air Force Chief Architect Office running ADE 5, the CAO’s fifth in a series of architecture demonstration and evaluation events that examine enterprise-wide architectures and their integration while providing intelligence provide advantage and decision superiority technology demonstrations to inform future architecture development. CAO made significant financial and human resources available to run GIDE 3, which enabled a much more robust real-world construct on which basic architectures for the services and the DoD can be demonstrated and evaluated.
“Our nearly two-year experimental partnership with NORAD and the US Northern Command at three of our five events has brought tremendous advances in the development and assessment as well as the technical architectures that make our joint combat aircraft possible,” said Preston Dunlap, the chief of the aerospace forces architect . “We are grateful to have willing and motivated partners like NORAD and the US Northern Command eager to solve the difficult technical and leadership problems we tackled in GIDE 3 and ADE 5.”
NORAD and USNORTHCOM continue to learn from these experiments and work with partners to initiate planning for the next experiment in the GIDE series.